* YIWU HISTORY
YIWU is located in the central area of Zhejiang province with a total land area of 1,105 square kilometers. The whole city governs 8 towns and 5 subdistricts, has a population of 670,000 registered as local domiciliary and 600,000 as external temporary. Yiwu has a long history. It was in the 25th of Ying Zheng of Qin Dynasty (B.C. 222), was in Wushang County, in the 7th of Wu De of Tang Dynasty (A.D. 624), and was changed as Yiwu, in 1998, when it was established as a City. From old times, Yiwu has gained the honor of being the Home of: Culture, Luo Binwang - one of the Four Outstanding Persons in Early Tang Dynasty, Zong Ze - the famous Anti-Jin General of Song Dynasty, and Zhu Danxi - one of the four famous doctors of Jin and Yuan Dynasty. In modern times, Yiwu has produced educationist Chen Wangdao, literature theorist Feng Xuefeng and historian Wu Han, among others.
Since the reform and opening policy, Yiwu
has reso ed to execute the development strategy of Building the City by Prospering Commerce unswervingly, using the commodity industry as a leader to drive regional economy, and become a large market city and strong economy city from a traditional agricultural small county. In 2002, the whole city realized a domestic gross value of production of RMB15.6 billion Yuan and a total financial revenue of RMB1.66 billon Yuan. Financial institutions have outstanding of deposits of RMB29 billion Yuan, and farmers average net incomes of RMB5688 Yuan. In 2001, the Yiwu general economic index was 19th of all counties (cities) of the whole country. Furthermore, in recent years, Yiwu has been listed as one of the counties (cities) of leading the modernization in Zhejiang, one of the key regions of boosting urbanization in Zhejiang, and one of the first groups of strong counties (cities) of the expanding economic management authority. Currently, Yiwu is one of the regions with the most development active in Zhejiang. Even in the whole country, Yiwu have successively gained such honors as being the National Technical Project Advanced City, National Sports Work Advanced City, National Culture Work Advanced City, Zhejiang Civilized City, Zhejiang Educational Strong City, etc.. Furthermore, it has been awarded the National Double Support Model Cities Award four consecutive times.
appears a prosperous scene with a flourishing market, developing economy and steady society.
The commodity industry has been leading industry in the regional economy. Currently, the Yiwu commodity market possesses an area of 1.5 million sq.m. and has 40,000 stores, collects 28 categories and about 200,000 varieties of daily goods. Throughput is nearly 10,000 tons, market business volume is on top of the nationwide large special markets for 12 successive years, and has been granted the unique market title of being one that ‘pays attention to quality', and ‘keeps promises' by the State Quality Supervisory Inspection and Quarantine General Bureau. Furthermore, the Yiwu market has been an international commodity distribution center and the important base for foreign merchants to purchase commodity. The industrial economy is rapidly aggregating and strengthening, and currently has developed and is exploiting industrial park areas of 64 square kilometers, with more than 1300 enterprises. It has also cultivated a group of predominant industries, scale enterprises and famous products of socks, ornaments, zippers, cosmetics, shirts, cultural articles, pen-making, toys, etc, formed industrial developing structure of small commodity, large industry, small enterprise, and large colonization. Efficient agriculture steadily develops, and traditional agriculture is rapidly shifting to modern agriculture, city agriculture and external agriculture. City construction changes quickly, and a large group of provincial and civil key projects such as Xiuhu Square, Meihu Exhibition & Sports Center and Yiwu section of Hangzhou-Jinhua-Quzhou freeway are being built up. The area of the city built-up district has expanded to 38 square kilometers, the city population has increases to 430,000, and the culture level reached above 55%. Thus, the city's integrations rapidly advance. After carrying out village satiation cleanness, road hardness, road lighting, family beautifying and environment optimization construction, the city outlook has changed quickly. Socialism politics and spiritual civilization are constantly strengthened. Social careers are increasing, while the economic environment is persistently optimized. People's standards of living are improving day by day.
In the new century, Yiwu develops with the times, exploits and innovates, puts forward the aim of walking in giant steps, and strives to become in the top 10 of world commodity fairs in the next 20 years and construct a truly international commodity city.
The first step up to 2005: Take the lead in realizing modernization in the whole province, increase economical foreign-orientations, and bring per person GDP above US$3200. Such will establish the base for international commodity city construction.
The second step up to 2010: Social economical development level to reach medium developed country level, with per person GDP over US$6000, and establish the global status of the International Commodity Circulation Center, Manufacturing Center and R & D Center, as the International Commodity City takes shape.
The third step up to 2020: Social economic development reaches per person GDP above US$15000, octupling that of 2000, with the social economy general index to be in top ten of cities in the whole county. Fully boost economy internationalization, city modernization, urban and rural integration, social civilization and scientific leadership, to become a truly leading international commodity city.
Creating the biggest global supermarket, constructing an international shopping center, Yiwu is overcoming obstacles and surmounting technical difficulty, and endeavoring to move forward.
Greatly push economical internationalization, constantly improve economical general force and international competitive power.
Surrounding the aim of constructing International Commodity City, divide Yiwu into four sections of main city section, subsidiary section, suburb section and border section, through integration system, resources concordance, system innovation and base co-construction, plan urban and rural social economical development, adapt the working method to local conditions, advance rural urbanization in multiple sections and steps, and strive to make Yiwu realize all urban and rural integration within 20 years. Intensify integrated planning concepts of the civil region, accelerate to notify and make out layout program of the whole city and community, and plan traffic, water supply and sewage to cover the whole city. According to the requirement of adjusting measures to local conditions and guidance to different types of areas, boost all region and village reconstruction, gradually make existing villages under construction into communities with basic infrastructures, and complete all projects with the aim of creating good rurality and good environments.
Adapt to the demand of rural urbanization, quicken the work of village removal and building community of the whole city, fully push the innovation of the domiciliary registration system, practise management system of community residents' committee, continue to carry out and strengthen rural strategy with business, optimize agriculture structure, develop urban agriculture, boost agricultural industrialization, hasten agriculture to shift to enterprise, constantly expand employment space, unitedly plan the work of urban and rural employment and social security, and advance farmers to shift to citizens.
Greatly boost social civilization, constantly improve people's general quality of life.
Carry on the propaganda education of the spirit of the Sixteenth National Congress of the Communist Party of China and important ideas of “three represents”, powerfully carry forward the Yiwu spirit, shape international modernity of innovation, sincerity, forgiving, opening and civilized. Practise the strategy of scientific education and strengthening of the city, boost study-type city foundation and the construction of modern talent projects and cultural famous city status, succeed to and carry forward Yiwu's excellent culture, train and develop migrant culture, and increase cultural competition. Moreover, advance Yiwu's credit construction, consolidate government credit, improve enterprise credit, regulate personal credit, and improve social sincerity level. Push legal city administration, make legal administration standard, enhance general management of social public security, maintain social stabilization, and endeavor to create a democratic and just lawful rules environment. With the aim of common prosperity, constantly improve living standards of all people, and str le to create a rich and safe living environment.
Vigorously push scientific leadership, and constantly improve the ability of leading modern construction.
Deepen the reform of government administrative systems, establish administrative management mechanism with service as the center, exert the basic effect of market adjustment, practically convert administrative work from microcosmic management to macroscopic regulation and control, social management and public service, further enhance reform intension of administrative approval systems, found and perfect the function of a 365 day service center, set up public service consciousness, improve administrative work efficiency. Also, boost government affair into the open, actively develop electric government affair, initiate open systems, advance notice systems and informing systems of party committee and government decision-making, and increase scientific decision-making. Strengthen and improve party construction, innovate the mechanisms such as cadre training education, examination evaluation, select and appointment and supervision and management, establish a cadre team adapting the requirement of international commodity city, and constantly improve the party leading capability to modernization construction.
* YIWU INTRODUCTION
Located in the center of Zhejiang Province, covering an area of 1,105 square kilometers, Yiwu
has 8 towns and 5 boroughs under its jurisdiction with a local population of 670,000 and non-native population of 600,000. Since reform and opening-up, Yiwu has been sticking to the development strategy of “developing the city on commerce” and has explored a net strategy of promoting regional social and economic development with the flagship of trade and commerce, which helped Yiwu to become a developed county and a city known as being the place where the first international commodities market in China was cultivated.
According to the statistics, in 2004, the GDP of Yiwu reached 28.2 billion yuan, a 17.3% increase of that in last year; fiscal revenue 2.95 billion (local, 1.51 billion), 109.6% of the adjustment plan; social capital assets investment 12.09 billion, an increase of 20.4%; saving deposits 48.277 billoin, an increase of 21.3%; social retail value 6.005 billion, an increase of 14.4%; disposable income of urban resident 17,153 yuan per capita and net income of farmer 6,969 yuan per capita, an increase of 15.3% and 13.4% respectively, taking out the rise in prices. In terms of comprehensive development level of economy and society , Yiwu ranked the 17th among the top 100 counties of the country and the 1th among the 22 county-level cities in Zhejiang province in 2003. In 2004, Yiwu ranked the top among the most favorite county-level cities in the eyes of domestic and overseas public. In recent years, Yiwu has become one of counties and cities in Zhejiang Province that took the lead to basically accomplish modernization and one of counties and cities in Zhejiang Province that enjoy partial prefecture-level economic management jurisdiction. Yiwu has also been awarded the honor of being the key districts in the drive of urbanization and was named National Sanitation City. In addition, Yiwu has won the honor of National Sci-tech Advanced City, National Sports Advanced City, National Culture Advanced City, Provincial Civilized City, and Provincial Power City of Education and has been awarded National Two-Advocation Model City for five successive years.
Now with the prosperous market, developed economy, stable society, beautiful environment and wealthier community, Yiwu
is marching towards becoming a truly world class international commercial city
* A Bit Of History:
In recent 30 years, the local people and government have been doing ONLY one thing - building this International Trade City.
Now they finally put 70,000+ shops and around 10 million products inside this city, all under one roof! And attract 150,000+ visitors from all over the world into this hall each day.
This is something like building Pyramid in ancient Egypt. They only did one thing and that thing made them famous all over the world!
Here I would just show you a big picture. For more details about what's inside this huge mall, I'll write one more article - Futian Market, as that name is more close to a market.
Yiwu International Trade City - District 1
This is the big brother of all the other districts. It was built in October, 2001 and put into use on Oct.22, 2002. Now already 7 years old.
The 4-floor-building occupies a total area of 340,000 m2, and holds 10,500+ shop fronts. Over 95% of the shops can do export.
Most of them can speak some English. They definitely understand "how much?" and can show the price on their calculators with no difficulties.
Shipping agents, fast serving restaurants, resting lounge, banks, and internet are all put inside. It's actually pretty easy for buyers sourcing here.
1st floor is filled with toys and artificial flowers. 2nd floor is for jewelry. 3rd floor is for jewelry accessories, art & crafts.
4th floor is different. It's only for factories to set up their own outlets centers, so you will only find outlets center on this floor. They are real factories, but the variety is also limited.
This district is also the busiest one, as it's mainly for ladies and kids.
Yiwu International Trade City - District 2
This District was put into use on Oct.22, 2004. It's a 5-store- building and has an area of 600,000+ m2. Over 10,000 shop fronts are cubed from floor one to floor three.
Industries of bags & brief cases, umbrellas, rainwear are located on floor one.
Hardware and hardware accessories, electrical accessories, locks and auto products are on floor two.
Floor three is for home appliances, electronics & telecommunications, watches and clocks.
4th floor is also for factory outlets centers. Hong Kong Mall, South Korean Mall, Sichuan Mall are also located on this floor.
Like District one, this district also has shipping agents, banks, restaurants, telecom companies... And there is a four start hotel and two squares at both sides.
Another special thing about this district is that it's an AAAA tourist destination with ISO9001 and ISO4001. So it’s much clean and modern-looking, with sightseeing lifts up and down.
International Trade City - District 3
District 3 is also a 5-store-building of 460,000 m2 with 7000+ shop fronts.
Different industries are put into different floors:
1st floor and 2nd floor are for glasses, pens, office articles, sports products, paper products.
3rd floor and 4th floor are for cosmetics & cosmetics accessories, buttons, zippers, and other fashion accessories.
All necessary facilities like logistics, banking, accommodation, catering and entertainment are also included inside.
Yiwu International Trade City - District 4
This is the youngest, but the best-bred strong brother. Opened on Oct. 21, 2008, the total area reaches 1,008,000 m2, has over 19,000 shops.
This district is greener, more environmental friendly and energy saving than the previous ones. It has modern facilities like automatic roof windows, rainfall collection system and solar energy generators, even a 4d cinema and a nice coffee shop.
1st floor is for socks. 2nd floor is for textile, gloves, and hats. 3rd floor is for shoes, ribbons, laces, ties, thread, and towels. 4th floor is for bras, underwear, belts, and shawls.
Yiwu International Trade City is the most innovative, largest wholesale market complex in China, and also one of the most advanced wholesale markets in the world.
Yiwu is located in central Zhejiang Province near the central eastern coast of China.
300 km south to Shanghai, 150 km west to Ningbo, 150km north to Wenzhou, and 100 km south to Hangzhou, the capital city of Zhejiang province.
>>Discover more details of Yiwu city on Yiwu Map
* Yiwu Transportation
Yiwu now has a 4C grade airport carries over a dozen air routes to Beijing, Guangzhou, Shenzhen, Shantou, Changsha. This airport even had HK-Yiwu direct flights for several months last year. The facilities are qualified for international flights.
The good news is that there will still be non-stop Hongkong to Yiwu flight from 1 October, 2009 to December, 2009.
>>More about Yiwu airport.
Yiwu train station is one of the most advanced medium-sized train stations in China.
At present, trains depart from Beijing, Shanghai, Chongqing, Chengdu, Guangzhou, Nanjing and some other large and medium-sized cities can reach Yiwu directly every day.
More than 60 train departing from Hangzhou to Yiwu each day, and you can go to Hangzhou directly from almost all big cities of China by train.
Express trains from Shanghai just needs two hours to get to Yiwu.
*City Tree, City Flower
People chose camphor tree as the city tree at the 11th Yiwu People's Congress on July 30, 2002.
According to Yiwu government, there are one over 1000-year-old, four over 800-year-old, 103 over 200-year-old, and over one thousand 100-year-old camphor trees in Yiwu.
The ever greenness of camphor tree symbolizes flourish and forever prosperity. Yiwu peopel love that.
Yiwu has a long history and outstanding technology of growing China roses.
Colorful China roses are blossoming all year round, which also symbolizes long-lasting prosperity.
They are widely planted and loved by Yiwu people.
* Yiwu Culture
Yiwu markets made Yiwu famous in China in the last 30 years. Yiwu international trade city made Yiwu famous around the world in the last 8 years. However,
Yiwu Martial Arts has kept Yiwu famous in China for more than a thousand years.
Wu Opera also known as Jinhua Opera, is one of the oldest operas (has a 400-year history) in China. The earliest days of Wu opera can be traced back to Ming Dynasty（AD1386-AD1683). The name originated from Wuzhou, the former name of Jinhua.
Yiwu is located in the subtropical monsoon climate area with a warm and moist climate and clear seasonal distinctions.
The average annual temperature is around 17℃, with the highest being 29.3℃ in July and the lowest 4.2℃ in January.
Yiwu now has 716,000 local residents and over 1 million migrant workers, including around 40,000 foreigners from Korea, Mid-east, South America, and other parts of the world. The total population reaches 1.8 million.
After long years of living in Yiwu and sourcing from Yiwu market, many foreigners already take Yiwu as their second hometown and play more and more important roles in local community.
One thing that never happened in other China cities is that these businessmen can even take seats in Yiwu People's Congress, to have their saying on Yiwu policy-making.
Yiwu Arabs - An article about how Yiwu Arabs, a larger population than Shanghai Arabs, working/trading and living in Yiwu.